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Mechanical Properties of Canada and United States Hardwoods

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Species
/ Test
Air-Dry
Density 
Volumetric
Shrinkage
Static
Bending
Side
Hardness
Resistance
to Splitting
Crushing
Strength
Data
Source
(samples
12% mc)
(kg/m3)(green to 0%)(modulus of rupture MPa)(Newtons)(max stress MPa)(max // to grain Mpa)American/ Canadian

Red alder46011.7%
low
73.8
low
2490
low
2.86
low
40.0
low
CDN
American beech75017.2%
high
103
med/high
5800
high
7
medium
50.3
medium
USA
Paper birch64016%
medium
94.8
medium
4320
medium
7.17
medium
44.7
med/low
CDN
Black cherry61012.7%
low
87.1
med/low
4630
medium
6.07
medium
50.4
medium
USA
Madrone72018.1%
high
71.7
low
6494
high
n/a
47.43
medium
USA
Sugar maple74015.7%
medium
115
high
7290
very high
9.21
high
56.4
high
CDN
White oak75016.6%
med/high
121
very high
7130
very high
8.65
med/high
60.1
very high
USA
Tanoak660
(11% mc)
17.3%
high
114.5
high
6270
high
n/a
63.4
very high
USA

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